Biodiversity or biological diversity is defined as the variety of all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems of which they form a part. It is not static, but is constantly changing.  It is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by processes such as habitat degradation, population decline, and extinction. - National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia’s Biological Diversity (DEST 1996). 

More information on the Biodiversity of the Camden LGA and how Council protects and enhances biodiversity is available online. 

Plants and Animals



Camden Local Government Area (LGA) occurs on the Cumberland Plain. The main vegetation community is Cumberland Plain Woodland which is made of the two prominent Eucalypts, Grey Box (Eucalyptus moluccana) and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis) which typify the remaining treed landscape of Camden.

The ground layer in Cumberland Plain Woodland is typically made up of grasses such as Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra) and Weeping Meadow Grass (Microlaeana stipoides).

There are other native plants that occur in other vegetation communities such as the forest that occurs along the Nepean River.

The plants and the vegetation communities provide a variety of habitats to a range of animals, including birds, mammals and insects. Because some of this vegetation has been extensively removed in the past and is still subject to various impacts, a number of plants and animals have been listed as threatened at a state and / or national level.

Native vegetation is important for the health of our environment, as it provides habitat for our native plants and animals, including threatened species. You can create a native garden in your own backyard which is easier than you think. You can create vibrant, colourful gardens with amazing colours, shapes and scents. Your native garden can act as a biodiversity corridor or ‘stepping stone’ to allow wildlife to move between patches of existing bushland.

The Camden Native Garden Guide has been developed to help residents improve the existing biodiversity in their garden, or to design a native garden from scratch.

Bushcare and Volunteering

*** As a precautionary measure for the safety of our staff, residents and visitors, Council has cancelled Bushcare until further notice***

Camden Bushcare is an environmental volunteer program set up by Council to encourage local communities to actively participate in managing and maintaining the remnant urban bushland areas in the Camden Local Government Area.

Volunteers are welcome to join any Bushcare Group currently working in bushland areas. Current locations include: 

  • Harrington Forest Scanlon Crescent, Harrington Park

                     Every third Saturday of the month from 9am to 12pm

  • Hayter Reserve Wire Lane, Camden South

                     First Friday of the month from 9am to 12pm

  • Kings Bush Reserve Chellaston Street, Camden

                     Every Tuesday from 9am to 12pm

                     First Sunday of the month from 9am to 12pm

  • Parrotts Farm Richardson Rd, Narellan (next to RFS)

                    Second Friday of the month from 9am to 12pm 

  • Ron Dine Reserve McCrae Dr (and Cowper Dr), Camden South

                     Third Friday of the month from 9am to 12pm

  • Sickles Creek Reserve Sickles Drive, Grasmere

                     Last Sunday of the month from 9am to 12pm

  • Spring Farm Hampshire Boulevard, Spring Farm

                    Second Saturday of the month from 9am to 12pm

Bushcare Groups are led by qualified bushland supervisors. Tools and materials are provided on-site. No experience is necessary, just enthusiasm and the desire to participate in the restoration of the unique heritage and character of Camden’s bushland. Residents may also nominate to set up a Bushcare Group in their locality.

Download the Bushcare Program brochure for further information.

For more information contact Council's Natural Resource Project Officer on 4654 7777 or email

Natural Resource Management

Camden Local Government Area (LGA) is located partly within the South West Growth Centre and experiencing rapid urban expansion. Population growth and development place enormous pressure on natural areas and biodiversity due to habitat clearing, degradation of waterways and spread of pest animals and weeds. However, biodiversity needs to be protected so that essential life support systems and quality of life for residents are maintained.

The following are programs and initiatives facilitated by Council to help protect Camden's local biodiversity.

Biodiversity Education


Biodiversity Education Activities


Looking for ways to entertain the kids? Well look no further as we’ve developed four biodiversity themed activities that children can complete using materials found around the home.

Each activity is designed for children aged five to 12 years and can be completed either at home or at a local park. Residents are reminded to keep their social distance if participating at a local park.

Build a Bee Hotel

Do you love food? Well you must love bees!

This activity teaches us about the importance of native bees for our natural environment and the vital role they play as pollinators in food production. This activity contains instructions on how to build a bee hotel as a way to help our native bees.

Build a Bee Hotel instructions (PDF, 4.4MB)

Create a Mini Herb Garden

Now is a great time to get out in your garden and get creative by turning used contained or bottles into a mini herb garden!

In this activity, kids are encouraged to flex their green thumbs and create a mini-herb garden using recycled materials.

Create a Mini Herb Garden instructions (PDF, 6MB)

Go on a Nature Quest

Head outside to your local park or reserve or even your backyard to discover what plants and animals are living there. You’ll be surprised at what you find when you look closely!

Nature Quest contains the following three smaller activities: Bird Bingo, Mini-beast Discovery and Nature Scavenger Hunt.

Everything you need for your Nature Quest (PDF, 7MB)

Creature Features Competition

Thank you to the more than 50 kids who entered our Creature Features competition. The 2 winners, as voted by Mayor of Camden Theresa Fedeli, were Theo and Lucy. Our 9 highly commended entrants were Abigail, Cooper, Shevon, Charlotte, Ayesha, Fatimah, Heath, Amelia and Eva.

WINNER - Theo, 7
The Camden Ice Dragon can breathe out ice from its mouth. The spikes protect it from predators. It lives in the Camden bushlands. It turns the Nepean River into ice so everyone can go ice skating, flying above it with its wings. The Ice Dragon eats ants from the grasslands.
creature 1
WINNER - Lucy, 7
My creature has a horse mane and a unicorn horn. It has bright blue eyes and also a really long cat tail. It has a big rainbow head and small feet.
My creature would be good here because it can fly. It can save people wherever it goes. If people don’t want food they can throw it into its mouth.
creature 2
The Camden creature is blue and green like the water and the trees. His legs bend so he can swim with ducks. People can ride under him on the bike track. He spreads love and happiness to all. Everyone would visit Camden to see him.
creature 3
This creature is the Podypus and they love living near lakes around Camden. Podypus are cousins of the Platypus. Females have light feathers, males have dark. Podypus eat berries, insects and their favourite treats are Jacaranda flowers. Being nocturnal they have big eyes to help them see at night, the antenna pods buzz as they communicate.
creature 4
‘Camden Mystery’
This mysterious creature has a head like a lion, a body of a zebra, cheetah legs, rabbit ears and a unicorn tail.
Camden is famous because of ‘Camden’s Mystery’. It protects Camden from any bad people. The bad people will tremble to their feet before the ‘Camden Mystery’.
creature 5
Meet the “Aquatic aerodynamic campfire wombat” soon to come home to Camden’s waterways. It lives in a wide tree near a river or creek. The campfire wombat has a diet of fish and a number of nuts. It especially likes carp so it will rid Camden’s waterways of this pest fish. The campfire wombat likes to drink tree sap. It is able to move quickly in the water and on land. A group of campfire wombats is called ‘lump’ and they live in families and never leave their parents. The oldest and most intelligent one will be the leader.
creature 6
The Tiny Dart
One swipe from its poisoned talons will give you a cut which smells for days. It has a sharp beak to hunt, where it injects poison from the beak which makes the victim sleepy.
It eats plants and small animals. If it can it will devour the nectar if a hibiscus.
creature 7
My creature is called a spiky-devil-roo. These spiky-devil-roos have a Tasmanian devil’s head with a Kangaroo body and spikes running down its back like an Echidna. These creatures will be hopping all over Camden chasing the feral animals away.
The spiky-devil-roo cannot hop backwards and its spikes are like swords.
creature 8
I have named my creature Monophingon.
The features of the Monophingon are its giant platypus beak. It also has big purple spikes on the sides of its body and is covered in green fish scales.
The Monophingon lives in the deep parts of the muddy river in Camden.
creature 9
My creature has a yellow crest and a big white body and it can fly among the cockatoos over Camden.
creature 10
My creature has webbed feet and enjoys swimming in Harrington Park Lake with the ducks and swans. It has wings and spends most of its time in the trees. It has spikes on top to protect it from predators and it eats fish from the lake.
creature 11

Plans, Strategies and Policies

The Plans, Strategies and Policies located here relate to the biodiversity of the Camden Local Government Area. These include:

Copies of Council's other plans and strategies and policies are available online.

Biodiversity Certification

I have received a s10.7 Certificate for my property and it says it is Biodiversity Certified. What does this mean?

In submitting a development application, a proponent is required to consider the impact of the development on threatened species on the site. However, if the land has been Biodiversity Certified, the proponent is not required to undertake an assessment of threatened species on the site as this has already been completed.

Biodiversity Certification addresses biodiversity issues upfront. For Biodiversity Certification to be achieved, it must be demonstrated that proposed conservation measures, to be applied to certain public lands within the Assessment Area, will improve or maintain biodiversity values. This approach enables practical decision-making and recognises the importance of opting for a cost-effective approach to delivering offset requirements.

The South West Growth Centre underwent Biodiversity Certification during the preparation of the State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Region Growth Centres) 2006 and Biodiversity Certification has been conferred over the Emerald Hills Estate, El Caballo Blanco,
Gledswood Hills and Camden Lakeside.

More information on these biodiversity certification orders, including links to the orders is available here.  

For more information about Biodiversity Certification please contact Council’s Sustainability Team Leader on 4645 5004.