Biodiversity or biological diversity is defined as the variety of all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems of which they form a part. It is not static, but is constantly changing. It is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by processes such as habitat degradation, population decline, and extinction - National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia’s Biological Diversity (DEST 1996).
Find out more below on the Biodiversity of the Camden LGA and how Council protects and enhances biodiversity.
Camden Local Government Area (LGA) occurs on the Cumberland Plain. The main vegetation community is Cumberland Plain Woodland which is made of the two prominent Eucalypts, Grey Box (Eucalyptus moluccana) and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis) which typify the remaining treed landscape of Camden.
The ground layer in Cumberland Plain Woodland is typically made up of grasses such as Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra) and Weeping Meadow Grass (Microlaeana stipoides).
There are other native plants that occur in other vegetation communities such as the forest that occurs along the Nepean River.
The plants and the vegetation communities provide a variety of habitats to a range of animals, including birds, mammals and insects. Because some of this vegetation has been extensively removed in the past and is still subject to various impacts, a number of plants and animals have been listed as threatened at a state and / or national level.
Native vegetation is important for the health of our environment, as it provides habitat for our native plants and animals, including threatened species. You can create a native garden in your own backyard which is easier than you think. You can create vibrant, colourful gardens with amazing colours, shapes and scents. Your native garden can act as a biodiversity corridor or ‘stepping stone’ to allow wildlife to move between patches of existing bushland.
The Camden Native Garden Guide has been developed to help residents improve the existing biodiversity in their garden, or to design a native garden from scratch.
Camden Bushcare is an environmental volunteer program set up by Council to encourage local communities to actively participate in managing and maintaining the remnant urban bushland areas in the Camden Local Government Area.
Volunteers are welcome to join any of the seven Bushcare Groups currently working in bushland areas.
Download the Bushcare Program brochure for further information.
For more information or to register your interest in Camden’s Bushcare Program contact Council's Volunteer Coordinator on 4654 7777 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Camden Local Government Area (LGA) is located partly within the South West Growth Centre and experiencing rapid urban expansion. Population growth and development place enormous pressure on natural areas and biodiversity due to habitat clearing, degradation of waterways and spread of pest animals and weeds. However, biodiversity needs to be protected so that essential life support systems and quality of life for residents are maintained.
The following are programs and initiatives facilitated by Council to help protect Camden's local biodiversity.
Camden Council offers a range of biodiversity education activities and lesson plans, as well as annual competitions, to encourage our residents to explore Camden’s natural areas and foster a connection with our unique plants and animals.
Connect with Nature
The ‘Connect with Nature’ video series was developed in partnership with Penrith Council and Hooked on Nature and explores the unique plants and animals of Western Sydney that are found in the endangered Cumberland Plain Woodland and the Nepean River corridor.
To find out more, head here.
Threatened Species Art and Writing Competition
The Threatened Species Art and Writing Competition (TSAC) is a regional environmental education program, hosted by Camden, Campbelltown and Wollondilly Councils. The competition is open to young people aged five to 12 years and encourages students to learn about the threatened species of the Macarthur region.
To find out more, head here.
Macarthur Nature Photography Competition
The Macarthur Nature Photography Competition (MNPC), hosted by Camden, Campbelltown and Wollondilly Councils, aims to inspire residents to appreciate and understand the natural world that surrounds them and capture this in a photograph. The competition is open to people of all ages.
To find out more, click here.
The Plans, Strategies and Policies located here relate to the biodiversity of the Camden Local Government Area. These include:
- Local Biodiversity Strategy
- Plans of Management
- Biodiversity Certification
- Caring for Cobbitty Hills: A guide for landholders
- Caring for the Nepean River: A guide for the Camden community
Biodiversity certification is a strategic biodiversity assessment process used for areas of land that are proposed for development. It is most often used to assess large areas of land.
Under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 a proponent is required to consider the impact of the development on threatened species on the site. Biodiversity certification addresses biodiversity issues upfront when land use changes are being considered.
The process identifies areas of land that can be developed after they are certified, as well as any measures that are needed to offset the impacts of development. The process also identifies land with biodiversity values that are not certified and that will be retained.
Where land has been certified, development can proceed without the usual requirement for assessment of the impact of the development on threatened species on the site.
The South West Growth Centre underwent Biodiversity Certification during the preparation of the State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Region Growth Centres) 2006 and Biodiversity Certification has also been conferred over the Emerald Hills Estate, El Caballo Blanco,
Gledswood Hills and Camden Lakeside.
More information on these biodiversity certification orders, including links to the orders is available here.
For more information about Biodiversity Certification please contact Council’s Sustainability Team on 4645 7777 or visit the NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment.