A total of 870 plants or flora species have been recorded in Camden Local Government Area. Of these, 557 species are native species and 313 species are exotic or introduced. There are five species which are listed as threatened in NSW and nationally and one species which is listed as an Endangered Population in NSW.
An additional 145 native species are either regionally significant or inadequately conserved in Western Sydney.
Download the Flora Species List for the Camden LGA.
This section provides information on:
Threatened species may be listed at a state level under the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 (BC Act) or at a national level under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).
The 5 threatened species at the state and national level which occur in Camden LGA include White-flowered Wax Plant (Cynanchum elegans), Camden White Gum (Eucalyptus benthamii), Spiked Rice-flower (Pimelia spicata), Brown Pomaderris (Pomaderris brunnea) and Magenta Lilly Pilly (Syzygium paniculatum). There is an endangered population of Native Pear (Marsdenia viridiflora R. Br. Subsp. viridiflora) in the Camden Local Government Area.
Clearing for agriculture and urban development has significantly reduced the extent and condition of native vegetation across the Camden Local Government Area (LGA). Native vegetation is also being impacted by overgrazing, nutrient run-off, weed infestation, salinity, erosion and sedimentation.
Some native vegetation is in reserves, with significant areas of native vegetation not in reserves. The three main native vegetation communities in the Camden LGA are:
- Cumberland Plain Woodland;
- River-flat Eucalypt Forest; and
- Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest.
Cumberland Plain Woodland and River-flat Eucalypt Forest are listed as Critically Endangered Ecological Communities (CEEC) at the state level under the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 (BC Act), and at the national level under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest is listed as an Endangered Ecological Community (EEC) under the BC Act.
Some of the Cumberland Plain Woodland is structurally poor and comprises scattered trees or is comprised only of native grassland. Smaller vegetation communities also found in the Camden LGA include Elderslie Banksia Scrub Forest and Moist Shale Woodland. Elderslie Banksia Scrub Forest was gazetted as a Critically Endangered Ecological Community on 20 March 2015 at the State level under the previous NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (now BC Act) and at the Federal level under the EPBC Act on 9 July 2020.
Map of Endangered Ecological Communities in Camden LGA is available for viewing.
The vegetation communities range in various conditions from 'good condition' where there is complete canopy and understorey to 'poor condition' where there is scattered trees over urban development.
There are large areas of the Camden LGA that are heavily infested with exotic woody weeds such as African Olive, Privet, African Boxthorn and Honey Locust. These areas are mostly in the steeper areas or along the Nepean River and its tributaries. There are also groups of native plants that occur in woody weed infested Western Sydney Dry Rainforest at Cobbitty.