Waste Education

Worm Farming and Composting

Don't throw it away, use it in the garden!

A great technique for minimising the amount of waste going into your garbage bin from your garden and or kitchen is to recycle it through either composting or worm farming. Both of these methods, with a little bit of time and attention, will convert your organic material into a valuable resource for the use around the garden.


Composting is a natural process of breaking down organic material. You can compost in a heap, bin, bay or a tumbling compost bin. A compost bin is the best way to get started and you can purchase these from the local hardware store.

Can be composted: Leaves, twigs, small branches, straw, sawdust, pine needles, shredded paper, grass clippings, kitchen scraps, cut flowers, tea bags and coffee grounds, egg shells.

Cannot be composted: Meat, bones, fats, oils, dairy products, dog or cat faeces, treated wood products, weeds with seed heads.

To set up or maintain your own compost system, check out the Composting factsheet.

Worm Farming

Worms can eat their own body weight in food every day. As long as you have a sheltered balcony or garden, it's easy to do and creates a great natural fertiliser for the garden. You can buy a worm farm kit from your hardware store and don't forget the compost worms!

If you are new to worm farming, here are some feeding tips...

You can feed worms: Fruit and vegie scraps, teabags, coffee grounds, crushed eggshells, small amounts of bread or pasta, moist newspaper and cardboard.

Do not feed worms: Onion, garlic, chilli, dairy products, citrus fruit (lemons, limes or oranges), meat, bones, fish, oils, dog or cat faeces.

Worm farms process less food waste than that of a compost bin, so make sure not to overfeed your worms.

To set up or maintain your own worm farm, check out the Worm Farming factsheet.

If you would like advice on starting up one of these organic recycling systems ask to speak with Council's Waste Education Officer on 4654 7777.

Alternatively, visit the website of the Macarthur Centre for Sustainable Living, Mount Annan for details about upcoming workshops on composting, wormfarming and much, much more!

The Macarthur Regional Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery (WARR) Strategy

Camden Council has joined Campbelltown and Wollondilly Council's in developing a Regional Waste Strategy in accordance with the NSW Waste and Resource Recovery (WARR) Strategy 2014-21. The Strategy examines how regional actions can improve the availability of long-term, cost-effective waste solutions, from specified research including the consultation of industry, waste professionals and waste management staff from member councils.

The vision for the Strategy is:

To achieve the best value, most socially acceptable and environmentally sustainable management of waste across the Macarthur region.

The Strategy identifies opportunities to work alongside councils to optimise waste avoidance and resource recovery programs and foster regional collaboration in accordance with the five themes:

  1. Local and Regional Planning
  2. Waste Avoidance and Reduction
  3. Recycling and Landfill Diversion
  4. Litter and Illegal Dumping
  5. Management of Problem Wastes

The key aims that the Councils are working to achieve through the Strategy include:

  • Planning for waste and recovered resource processing and disposal for the region beyond 2024
  • Encouraging waste avoidance, with a focus on food waste in particular
  • Removing more recyclable materials from our domestic garbage stream
  • Reducing the levels of contamination in recyclables and garden organics bins
  • Reducing the incidence of littering
  • Reducing the incidence of illegal dumping
  • Applying for funding to support regional initiatives for education, community engagement and enhancement of existing Council-operated services and facilities.

The Macarthur Regional WARR Strategy and regional waste coordination program is supported by the NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) with funding from the waste levy.