Camden Local Government Area (LGA) occurs on the Cumberland Plain. The main vegetation community is Cumberland Plain Woodland which is made of the two prominent Eucalypts, Grey Box (Eucalyptus moluccana) and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus terreticornis) which typify the remaining treed landscape of Camden.
The ground layer in Cumberland Plain Woodland is typically made up of grasses such as Kangaroo Grass (Themeda australis) and Weeping Meadow Grass (Microlaeana stipoides).
There are other native plants that occur in other vegetation communities such as the forest that occurs along the Nepean River.
The plants and the vegetation communities provide a variety of habitats to a range of animals, including birds, mammals and insects. Because some of this vegetation has been extensively removed in the past and is still subject to various impacts, a number of plants and animals have been listed as threatened at a state and / or national level.